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Ch 1.General Lab Techniques

Ch 2.Molecular Separation

Ch 3.DNA and RNA

Ch 4.Genetics

Ch 5.PCR Serials

Ch 6.Protein

Ch 7.DNA Protein Interactions

Ch 8.Immunohistoch / immunology

Ch 9.Cellular Biology

Ch 10.GC/MS, NMR and Proteomics

Ch 11.Animal Experiments

Ch 12.Worm: C. Elegans

Ch 13.HPLC and TLC

Ch 14.Buffers formats in Lab.

Ch 15.Other Resources

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Biochemistry (Chapters and Vocabulary) -unit 1-50, 51-100, 101-150, 151-200, 201-250, 251-300, 301-350, 351-400, 401-450, 451-500

51: Recombinases and Topoisomerase I.                                                  


52: Recombination Mechanism.                                                         


53: Holliday Junction.                                                             


54: Recombination.                                                            


55: DNA Replication of Both Strands Proceeds Rapidly from Specific Start Sites


56: Telomere Formation.                                                             


57: Proposed Model for Telomeres.                                                      


58:Eukaryotic Cell Cycle.                                                             


59: Coordination between the Leading and the Lagging Strands.                    


60: Replication Fork.                                                             


61: Structure of the Sliding Clamp.                                                      


62: Proposed Architecture of DNA Polymerase III Holoenzyme.                    


63: DNA Ligase Mechanism.                                                           


64: DNA Ligase Reaction.                                                            

The Immune System

65: Diversity Is Generated by Gene Rearrangements                                    


66: Class Switching.                                                             


67: B-Cell Activation.                                                             


68: B-Cell Receptor.                                                             


69: V( D ) J Recombination.                                                           


70: Light-Chain Expression.                                                           


71: VJ Recombination.                                                             


72: The Kappa Light-Chain Locus.                                                       


73: Antibodies Bind Specific Molecules Through Their Hypervariable Loops    


74: Antibody - Protein Interactions.                                                      


75: Antibodies Against Lysozyme.                                                       


76: Binding of a Small Antigen.                                                         


77: Variable Domains.                                                             


78: The Immunoglobulin Fold Consists of a Beta-Sandwich Framework with Hypervariable Loops         


79: Immunoglobulin Fold.                                                            


80: Antibodies Possess Distinct Antigen-Binding and Effector Units               


81: Variable and Constant Regions.                                                      


82: Immunoglobulin Sequence Diversity.                                                 


83: Properties of immunoglobulin classes                                                  


84: Classes of Immuno-Globulin.                                                        


85: Segmental Flexibility.                                                             


86: Antigen Cross-Linking.                                                            


87: Immunoglobulin G Cleavage.                                                        


88: Immunoglobulin G Structure.                                                        


89: Just as Medieval defenders used their weapons and the castle walls to defend their city, the immune system constantly battles against foreign invaders such as viruses, bacteria, and parasites to defend the organism.             


90: Immunoglobulin Production.                                                        


91: The Immune System                                                                       


92: Problems                                                                                         


93: Summary                                                                                         


94: Immune Responses Against Self-Antigens Are Suppressed               


95: Consequences of Autoimmunity.                                                   


96: T-Cell Selection.                                                                             


97: Major-Histocompatibility-Complex Proteins Present Peptide Antigens on Cell Surfaces for Recognition by T-Cell Receptors                                                                                               


98: HIV Receptor.                                                                                


99: Human Immunodeficiency Virus.                                                  


100: Polymorphism in Class I MHC Protein.                                        

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